The Newfoundland is a beautiful, large, stately, strong, and massive dog with a broad heavy head. It is elegant, harmonious, agile and hardy. It loves to swim; its feet are webbed for better swimming. The Newfoundland is an outstanding instinctive water rescue dog. It has been called the St. Bernard of the water. This breed is courageous, generous, and devoted. It is an exceptionally patient dog; it fits into any type of household.
Black, brown, gray, or Landseer (black head with black markings on a white ground).
Flat, dense, and coarse textured double coat; oily and water resistant. Outer coat moderately long, straight or slightly wavy. Daily to weekly brushing of the thick, coarse, double coat with a hard brush is important. The undercoat is shed twice a year in the spring and fall and extra care is required at these times. Avoid bathing unless absolutely necessary, as this strips away the coat’s natural oils, instead, dry shampoo from time to time.
Prone to hip dysplasia, hereditary heart disease called sub-aortic stenosis (SAS). Don’t let a Newfoundland get fat.
The Newfoundland is a dog with an outstanding temperament. This breed is patient, mild mannered, and gentle. This dog is very devoted, loyal, trustworthy, and sweet. It can become so attached to its owner that it cannot adapt to a new home. It is patient, playful, and loving with children; it is a born babysitter. It is intelligent enough to act on its own when needed. It makes a very good watchdog. It can recognize a dangerous situation and will generally act if the family is threatened.
This breed is generally good with other animals, though some males may be aggressive with other males. This breed may be slightly difficult to train; it needs calm, patient, balanced training. This dog is very sensitive to the tone of your voice. The Newfoundland loves to swim. The Newfie drinks a lot of water and may be messy about it, as it loves to get wet. It tends to drool, though not as much as some other giant breeds. Although as puppy it requires a lot of food, an adult Newfoundland eats only about as much as a retriever.
This is a huge dog and tends to move rather slowly; take this into account during training. This gentle giant was used for hauling in nets, carrying boat lines to shore, retrieving anything which fell overboard and rescuing shipwrecked and drowning victims; it was also used to haul lumber, pull mail sheds, deliver milk, and carry loads in packs.
This breed will benefit from regular moderate exercise, it should have frequent opportunities to swim and frolic.
This dog will do okay in an apartment if sufficiently exercised. It is relatively inactive indoors and a small yard is sufficient. This breed is sensitive to heat: plenty of shade and cool water in warmer weather is necessary. This dog prefers cool climates.